Medical and pharmaceutical categories for glipizide:
Medications for the treatment of diabetes type 2
Oral antidiabetic agents
The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system glipizide codes:
A - Alimentary tract and metabolism
A10 - Drugs used in diabetes
A10B - Blood glucose lowering drugs, excl. insulins
A10BB - Sulfonylureas
A10BB07 - Glipizide
Glipizide in The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10, World Health Organization) codes:
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus - E11
Pregnancy categories for Glipizide (Glucotrol):
C - Australia
C - United States (Risk cannot be ruled out)
Salts and other glipizide forms used as active pharmaceutical ingredients (API):
Synonyms of glipizide, international and chemical names:
Best known glipizide brands, generics and trade names in various countries:
Dipazide - Siam Pharmaceutical
Glez - Aristo Pharmaceuticals
Glibenese - Pfizer; Dexo Laboratoire
Glibetic - La Pharmaceuticals
Glidiab - Kai Yuen Pharmaceuticals
Glipizid - Domesco Medical Import-Export
Glipizide - Alphapharm; Drug Houses of Australia; IVAX; Merck; Mylan; Pliva; Sandoz; Teva
Gluco-Rite - Perrigo
Glucotrol - Pfizer
Glucotrol-XL - Pfizer
Glynase - USV
Luditec - Collins Productos Farmaceuticos
Melizide - Merck; Alphapharm; Serono; Summit; Zuellig Pharma
Mindiab - Pfizer
Minidiab - Pfizer
Minodiab - Pfizer; Kenfarma
Ozidia - Pfizer
Semi-Glynase - USV
Pharmaceutical active ingredients used in medicine in combinations with glipizide:
Some other medications in Glucotrol (Glipizide) pharmacological classes:
Glucophage XR (Metformin)
Glucovance (Glyburide; Metformin)
Janumet (Metformin; Sitagliptin)
Metaglip (Glipizide; Metformin)
Here is a list of some medications containing "Glucotrol" as a main active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) of Glucotrol drugs, their trade names, available forms, doses and also pharmaceutical companies - manufacturers, distributors and suppliers, researchers and developers:
|Trade name of the drug
||Pharmaceutical forms and doses
||Tablets; Oral; Glipizide 2.5 mgTablets; Oral; Glipizide 5 mgTablets; Oral; Glipizide 10 mg
||Tablets, Extended Release; Oral; Glipizide 2.5 mgTablets, Extended Release; Oral; Glipizide 5 mgTablets, Extended Release; Oral; Glipizide 10 mg
||PfizerDCH AurigaRoerigZuellig Pharma
||Tablets; Oral; Glipizide 1.5 mgTablets; Oral; Glipizide 2.5 mgTablets; Oral; Glipizide 5 mg
||Tablets; Oral; Glipizide 2.5 mgTablets; Oral; Glipizide 5 mg
||PfizerChemical Industries DevelopmentDexo LaboratoireDKSH DistributionFlex PharmaLaphal IndustriesPrimal ChemicalThe Glory MedicinaZentivaZuellig Pharma
Glipizide (Glucotrol): PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
Glucotrol) Glipizide is an oral drug that is used for treating patients with type 2 diabetes. Glipizide is used together with diet and exercise to reduce blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Glucotrol also marketed as:
Glipizide is used to treat type 2 of diabetes and belongs to sulfonylurea class of drugs together with glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (Micronase, Diabeta), tolbutamide (Orinase) and tolazamide (Tolinase). It stimulates insulin secretion by beta-cells of pancreas.
Glipizide is an anti-diabetic drug (sulfonylurea-type) used along with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes). It works by stimulating the release of your body's natural insulin. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent heart disease, strokes, kidney disease, blindness, and circulation problems, as well as sexual function problems (impotence).
Do not change your dose of Glipizide without first talking to your doctor. A starting dose for immediate release tablets is 5 mg which should be taken 30 minutes before a meal. The maximum dose is 40 mg daily. Maximum dose of extended release tablets should not exceed 20 mg daily. Take it with a full glass of water before a meal. The best result of treatment is achieved when this medication is taken on a regular basis.
How to take
The usual starting dose when using immediate release tablets is 5 mg administered 30 minutes before a meal. The maximum dose is 40 mg daily. Doses higher than 15 mg per day should be divided.
The starting dose when using extended-release tablets is 5 mg daily up to a maximum dose of 20 mg daily. Patients using immediate release tablets may be converted to the nearest equivalent extended-release dose.
Glucotrol (Glipizide SR) is an anti-diabetic medicine (sulfonylurea-type) used along with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes). It works by stimulating the release of your body s natural insulin. Effectively controlling blood sugar helps prevent heart disease, strokes, kidney disease, blindness, and circulation problems, as well as sexual function problems (impotence).
Side effects include headache, dizziness, diarrhea, and gas. Skin rashes can occur and cause itching, hives, or a diffuse measles-like rash. Rare but serious side effects include hepatitis, jaundice, and a low sodium concentration. Glipizide may also cause hypoglycemia. The risk of hypoglycemia increases when glipizide is combined with other glucose reducing agents.
Treatment with Glucotrol may increase the risk of death from cardiovascular disease compared to treatment of diabetes with diet alone or diet plus insulin. Discuss with your doctor the risks and benefits of treatment with Glucotrol.
Know the signs and symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which include headache, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, and nausea. Carry a piece of hard candy or glucose tablets with you to treat episodes of low blood sugar.
Follow diet, medication, and exercise routines closely. Changing any of them can affect blood sugar levels.
Do not change your dose of Glucotrol without first talking to your doctor.
Avoid alcohol. It lowers blood sugar and may interfere with diabetes treatment.
The Glucotrol XL extended release tablets (Glucotrol extended release tablets) should be swallowed whole. Do not chew, divide, or crush the tablets.
Before taking glipizide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it or if you have any other allergies. This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have metabolic conditions (e.g., diabetic ketoacidosis). Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of liver disease, kidney disease, thyroid disease, certain hormonal conditions (adrenal/pituitary insufficiency, SIADH-syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone), electrolyte imbalance (hyponatremia). You may experience blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness due to extremely low or high blood sugar levels; use caution engaging in activities requiring alertness such as driving or using machinery. Limit alcohol while taking this medication because it can increase the risk of developing hypoglycemia. Alcohol can rarely interact with glipizide and cause a serious reaction (disulfiram-like reaction) with symptoms such as facial flushing, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, or stomach pain. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about the safe use of alcohol. During times of stress, such as fever, infection, injury or surgery, it may be more difficult to control your blood sugar. Consult your doctor, as a change in your medication may be required. This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths or sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors. Caution is advised when using this drug in the elderly because they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially hypoglycemia. This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. It is not recommended for use for at least one month before delivery due to the potential for fetal harm. Insulin may be preferred during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Based on information from related drugs, this medication may pass into breast milk. Therefore, breast-feeding while using this medication is not recommended.
Many other medicines may increase or decrease the effects of glipizide or affect your condition. Before taking glipizide, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
·1 aspirin or another salicylate such as magnesium/choline salicylate (Trilisate), salsalate (Disalcid, others), choline salicylate (Arthropan), magnesium salicylate (Magan), or bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol);
·2 a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, others), ketoprofen (Orudis, Orudis KT, Oruvail), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam), etodolac (Lodine), indomethacin (Indocin), nabumetone (Relafen), oxaprozin (Daypro), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve), and others;
·3 a sulfa-based drug such as sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (Bactrim, Septra), sulfisoxazole (Gantrisin), or sulfasalazine (Azulfidine);
·4 a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) such as isocarboxazid (Marplan), tranylcypromine (Parnate), or phenelzine (Nardil);
·5 a beta-blocker such as propranolol (Inderal), atenolol (Tenormin), acebutolol (Sectral), metoprolol (Lopressor), and others;
·6 a diuretic (water pill) such as hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, Hydrodiuril), chlorothiazide (Diuril), and others;
·7 a steroid medicine such as prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone, others), methylprednisolone (Medrol, others), prednisolone (Prelone, Pediapred, others), and others;
·8 a phenothiazine such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin, Permitil), prochlorperazine (Compazine), promethazine (Phenergan), and others;
·9 phenytoin (Dilantin);
·10 isoniazid (Nydrazid); or
·11 Prescription, over-the-counter, or herbal cough, cold, allergy, or weight loss medications.
You may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring if you are taking any of the medicines listed above.
Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with glipizide or affect your condition. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including vitamins, minerals, and herbal products.
Manufactured and distributed by Pfizer, Wyeth pharmaceutical companies and its divisions.
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